Periodontal or gum disease is the deterioration of the gum and bone that support the teeth due to bacterial and inflammatory causes. Periodontal disease leads to tooth loss without treatment.
About Periodontal Disease
Periodontal Disease, or gum disease as it’s commonly known, is a disease that affects the structures around the teeth. The primary cause of gum disease is bacterial plaque, though there are numerous other contributing factors to the onset and severity of the disease.
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria within the dental plaque. This plaque, left untreated, then leads to deterioration of the gum and bone that support the teeth. Other factors include genetic predisposition, smoking, tartar, poor home care, and lack of professional dental care.
Good daily home care, including brushing twice daily and flossing one daily, will aid in preventing periodontal disease. Routine dental cleanings are also important in preventing periodontal disease. Once periodontal disease has started, more frequent maintenance is often needed, as well as the professional help from a periodontist.
There are various treatment options for managing gum disease, including deep cleanings, surgeries, and routine maintenance. The periodontists in our office will help create individualized treatment based on your specific needs.